Republic of the Philippines
National Police Commission
PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE
Camp BGen Rafael T Crame, Quezon City
ACG-CYBER SECURITY BULLETIN NR 153: UNDERSTANDING THE RISK OF ONLINE FAKE NEWS
Reference Number: ACG-CSB 121018153
The following information was obtained from different cyber security sources for notification to all parties concerned pursuant to the mandate of the Philippine National Police Anti-Cybercrime Group (PNP ACG) and classified as “Restricted” pursuant to the PNP Regulation 200-012 on Document Security and Impact Rating as high based on PNP Information Communication Technology (ICT) Security
Fake news refers to false information or propaganda published under the guise of being authentic news. Fake news websites and channels push their fake news content in an attempt to mislead consumers of the content and spread misinformation via social networking sites.
The spread of fake news on the Internet is a danger to all of us because it has an impact on the way we filter all the information we found and read on the social media. It is a serious problem that should be the concern of our society, especially for the misleading resources and content found online, which makes it impossible for the people to distinguish what is real and what is not.
The mission of fake news content is not typically for financial gain or at least not completely for profit but rather for luring visitors in clicking baits and getting content consumers to virally spread the false information
Both Facebook and Google have also been criticized for playing a large role in the spread of fake news, Fake news stories typically spreading via Facebook and being boosted in Google search results as the stories gain more attention from readers.
Some fake news websites use website spoofing, structured to make visitors believe that they are visiting trusted sources on the internet as fictitious articles deliberately fabricated to deceive readers, generally with the goal of profiting through clickbait.
We recommend accessing/reading only from reliable sources of information coming from friends or people you know, Read regular feeds from trusted sources such as bloggers and industry experts in order to avoid fake news.
All PNP personnel as well as the public are advised to follow the tips in order to avoid the risk of online fake news, to wit:
- Seek Out Information from A Range of Credible Sources: Start by exploring some of the sources on the “Finding Reliable News” page of this guide.
- Who Is the Author: Looking at who wrote the article can reveal a lot of information about the news source. Searching through the author’s previous articles can show whether they are legitimate journalist or not.
- Check What News Outlet Published It: Unfamiliar websites plastered with ads and all-caps headlines should draw immediate skepticism. Googling a site’s name and checking out other articles it posts should also help determine whether it’s trustworthy or not.
- Check The Publish Date and Time: Another common element in fake news is that old articles or events can resurface and lead people to believe they just happened. Checking the publish time stamp is something readers can quickly do to prevent being misled.
- Think Before You Share: Fake news sites rely on readers to share and engage with their articles in order for them to spread. In extreme cases, these fake articles can balloon out of control and have unintended consequences for those involved in the stories.
For additional information, please refer to the following websites:
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